Organisms

Desert Monera .

Monera; single celled organisms with no nucleus. The two types of monera are bacteria and cyanobacteria.

Examples of desert monera are...


Scientific name: Nostoc flagelliforme
Shape: Bacilli
Nostoc flagelliforme is found in arid and semiarid climates around the world. The countries that it is most commonly found in are: Algeria, Russia, and the United States. Nostoc flagelliforme is mostly in places with extreme weather conditions, and where temperatures differ dramatically throughout the day.
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Nostoc flagelliforme















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Ramlibacter tataouinensis







Scientific name: Ramlibacter tataouinensis
Shape: cocci in the center of the colony and bacilli on the outside
Ramlibacter tataouinensis is found in hot semiarid deserts. This bacteria has been found in southern Tunisia
mixed in the sand.






Desert Protozoa

Protozoan: a single-celled organism that has a true nucleus, organelles, no cell wall, no chlorophyll, and they are consumers.

Examples of desert Protozoa are...


Colpoda_irregularis.jpg
Scientific name: Colpoda irregularis

Method of Movement: Pseudopod

Where they live: High desert region of southwest Idaho














Protozoan_Colpoda_cucullus_picture_deesert.jpg

Scientific name: Colpoda cucullus
Method of Movement: Pseudopod
Where they live: Colpoda cucullus live on the surface of plants all over the world.








Desert Fungi

Fungi: multi-celled organisms with no chlorophyll. They absorb nutrients and are classified as decomposers.


Ascomycota are sac-shaped fungi.

An example of Ascomycota is......


Desert_ascomycota.jpg
Valley fever

Scientific name: Coccidiodes immitis

Common name: Valley fever
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order: Onygenales
Family: Onygenacease
Genus: Coccidioides
species: immitis

The people who are most likely to get this are AIDS patients, transplant recipients, diabetics, certain ethnic races, and people exposed to desert soil for a certain period of time.




Basidiomycota are club-shaped fungi with closely packed filament.

An example of basidiomycota is.....


Desert_arenaria.jpg

Scientific name: Montagnea arenaria

Common name: N/A
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Montagnea
species: arenaria
Found in arid environments around the world.




Glomeromycota are fungi that grow on the roots of plants. An example of Glomeromycota is.....

Desert_fasciculatum.JPG
Glomus fasciculatum




Scientific name: Glomus fasciculatum
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Glomeromycota
Class: Glomeromycetes
Order: Glomerales
Family: Glomeraceae
Genus: Glomus
Species: fasciculatum
They are found in almost all terrestrial biomes around the world, including; deserts, grasslands, tropical forests, and tundras.





Desert_ascomycota_2.jpg


Another example of Ascomycota is...

Scientific name: Terfezia arenaria

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomyetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Pezizacease
Genus: Terfezia
Species: arenaria
Location: Terfezia arenaria is found in acidic, sandy, humid soil all over the world in deserts.





Desert Plants

Plants: multi-celled organisms with a cell wall and green chlorophyll.

Magnoliophyta: a covered seed, in a flowering plants that makes fruit.
desert_plant_brittle_bush.jpg
Brittle Bush

Scientific name: Encelia farinosa
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Encelia
species: farinosa
Location: This plant is located in the Mojave and Sonoran Desert.



Magnoliophyta: a covered seed, in a flowering plants that makes fruit.


desert_spoon_plant.jpg
Desert Spoon


Scientific name: Dasylirion wheeleriKingdom: PlantaePhylum: MagnoliophytaClass: LiliopsidaOrder: AsparagalesFamily: AsparagaceaeGenus: Dasylirionspecies: wheeleri
Location: in many deserts including the Sonoran Desert and, parts of northern Mexico.











Desert_Ferocactus.jpg
Barrel Cactus

Magnoliophyta: a covered seed, in a flowering plants that makes fruit.


Scientific name: Ferocactus wislizeni
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Genus: Ferocactus
Species: wislizeni


This plant is mostly found in the Mojave, Sonora, and Chihuahua deserts.








Magnoliophyta: a covered seed, in a flowering plants that makes fruit.

Desert_dracaena.jpg
Dragon Tree



Dracaena marginataKingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: LiliopsidaOrder:AsparagalesFamily: AspargaceaeGenus: DracaenaSpecies: marginata
This plant is found in the desert region of Australia.



Desert_juniperus.jpg
Desert Juniper


Pinophyta: Reproduce cones or seeds outside of the plant.


Juniperus osteosperma
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cupressaceae
Genus: Juniperus
Species: osteosperma
This plant is mostly found on the west side of the US.





Gnetophyta: Reproduce cones or seeds outside of the plant.
Desert_Welwitschia.jpg
Tree Tumbo

Welwitschia mirabilis
Kingdom: PlantaePhylum: GnetophytaClass: GnetopsidaOrder: WelwitschialesFamily: WelwitschiaceaeGenus: WelwitschiaSpecies: mirabilis
Found in the Namib Desert

Bryophyta: a division of nonflowering plants characterized by rhizoids rather than true roots and having little or no organized vascular tissue
Desert_Crossidium.jpg

Crossidium seriatum

Common name: Crossidium moss
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order: Pottiales
Family: Pottiaceae
Genus: Crossidium
Species: seriatum
This plant is found in the northern region Mojave Desert.

Bryophyta: a division of nonflowering plants characterized by rhizoids rather than true roots and having little or no organized vascular tissue
desert_Claopodium.jpg

Claopodium whippleanumCommon name: Whipple's Claopodium MossKingdom: PlantaePhylum: BryophytaClass: BryopsidaOrder: HypnalesFamily: ThuidiaceaeGenus: ClaopodiumSpecies: whippleanum
This plant is found in the northern Mojave Desert.












desert_plants.jpg
smooth horsetail

Equisetophyta: a hallow reed with joints

Equisetum laevigatum
Plantae
Equisetophyta
Equisetopsida
Equisetales
Equisetaceae
Equisetum
laevigatum

Equisetum laevigatum is found most of US and Canada, but not south east US or northern Canada.

Lycopodiophyta: club mosses, that are larger than nonvascular mosses.
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Arizona spikemoss

Selaginella arizonicaPlantaeLycopodiophytaLycopodiopsidaSelaginellalesSelaginellaceaeSelaginellaarizonica

Location: These plants are found in parts of Arizona and Texas.










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desert spike moss
Lycopodiophyta: club mosses, that are larger than nonvascular mosses.

Selagiella eremophila
Plantae
Lycopodiophyta
Lycopodiopsida
Selaginellales
Selaginellaceae
Selaginella
eremophila
Location: This is found in California, Arizona, Baja California, New Mexico, and Texas.








desert_plant_Crossidium_cardboard_palm.jpg

Cycadophyta: fern with fronds, and with spore on the bottom.
Zamia furfuracea
Plantae
Cycadophyta
Cycadopsida
Cycadales
Cycadales
Zamiaceae
Zamia
furfuracea
Location: In the Sonoran Desert.








Animals

Animals: multi-celled, organisms that digest food inside their bodys.

These are examples of inverte
Desert_Anodonta.jpg
California Floater
brates.

Anodonta californiensis
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca: Soft body, two openings, simple organ systems, some with shell.
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Unionoida
Family: Unionidae
Genus: Anodonta
Species: californiensis
This is found off of the banks of rivers in Arizona.


Desert_Caenorhabditis.jpg
Roundworm

Caenorhabditis elegans
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda: Two openings, developed nervous system.
Class: Secernentea
Order: Rhabditida
Family: Rhabditidae
Genus: Caenorhabditis
Species: elegans
Found in desert soil.





Zerene cesonia
desert_moth.jpg
Dogface Butterfly

Animalia
Arthropoda: two openings for food and waste, with an exoskeleton and joined appendages.
Insecta
Lepidoptera
Pieridse
Zerene
cesonia

Zerene cesonia is found in southern United States.



desert_animal1.jpg
Flatworm

Mexistylochus tuberculatus
Animalia
Platyhelminthers: One opening for food and waste, with a simple nervous system.
Turbellaria
Polycladida
Stylochidae
Mexistylochus
tuberculatus
This is found in southwest North America.







desert_Sipunculus_nudus.jpg
Peanut worm

Sipunculus nudus
Animalia
Sipuncula: two openings for food and waste, mouth is surrounded by tentacles.
Sipunculidea
Sipunculiformes
Sipunculidae
Sipunculus
nudus
This is found in deserts sitting on the ocean.




Desert_Carinoma.jpg

Carinoma mutabilis
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nemertea: Two openings, brain and nervous system, circulatory system.
Class: Anopla
Order: Not assigned
Family: Carinomidae
Genus: Carinoma
Species: mutabilis
Can be found in the Sonora Desert.


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Road runner

These next six are vertebrates.
Geococcyx californianus
Animalia
Chordata
Aves: hollow boned organisms with scaly legs and feathers.
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Geococcyx
californianus
These exotic birds are found in deserts in all the southern states.


desert_lepard_frog.jpg
Leapord frog



Lithobates sphenocephalus
Animalia
Amphibia: spends beging of life in water with gills, second part of life on land with lung. They have smooth skin.
Chordata
Anura
Ranidae
Lithobates
sphenocephalus
This is found along permanent and intermittent streams in the Sonoran Desert.





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Desert Horned Lizard

Phrynosoma platyrhinosKingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia: Ectothermic, scales, four appendages.
Order: Squamata
Family: Phrynosomatidae
Genus: Phrynosoma
Species: platyrhinos
This is found in the Mojave, Sonoran and Colorado deserts.






Gopherus agassizii
desert_tortoise.jpg
Desert Tortoise

Animalalia
Chordata
Reptilia: Ectothermic, have four appendages, and have scales.
Testudines
Testudiindae
Gopherus
agassizii
This tortoise is found in the extreme southwest of Nevada.









Dipodomys agilis
Desert_Dipodomys.jpg
Agile Kangaroo Rat

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia: Hairy, milk-producing, endothermic.
Order: Rodentia
Family: Heteromyidae
Genus: Dipodomys
Species agilis
Found in arid and semi-arid climates around the world.





Desert_macularis.jpg
Desert Pupfish


Cyprinodon macularius
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii: Fine supported bones, upper jaw bones slides forward when opened.
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Family: Cyprinodontidae
Genus: Cyprinodon
Species: macularius
Found in the small rivers flowing through Tucson, Arizona.
























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