Coral Reef Organisms

Monera
Monera are single-celled organisms that have no nucleus. The types of monera are bacteria and cyanobacteria.

Enterobacter cloacae
Shape: Bacilli
Enterobacter cloacae causes many different infections and diseases, including lower respiratory tract infections, skin and soft-tissue infections, and urinary tract infections. This type of Monera is found in different coral reefs.
240px-Enterobacter_cloacae_01.png

Vibrio alginolyticus
Shape: Cocci
The Vibrio alginolyticus lives in coral reefs and they cause an infectious disease on coral called Yellow Blotch disease. It causes yellow blotches or stains and bleaching on coral tissue. It spreads depending on the temperature.
fig2-2k9-506-513.jpg
Bacillus subtilus
Shape: Bacilli
This moneran, Bacillus subtilus, lives in the coral reef.
Coral_reef_Bacillus_subtilis.jpg
Bacillus subtilus in cell division















Protozoa

Protozoa are single or multi-celled organisms that have a nucleus and organelles, but have no cell wall. They also contain no chlorophyll, which means that they are all consumers.

Gymnodinium catenatum
Method of Movement: Gymnodinium catenatum has two flagella that propel it through the ocean waters.
This Protozoan causes paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) among different organisms in temperate and tropical waters off all major continents.



Gymnodinium_catenatum.jpg
Chain-forming Dinoflagellate



Acanthometron elastricum
Common Name: Acantharian amoeba
Method of Movement: Psuedopod
The Acanthometron elastricum lives in the coral reef and is at the bottom of the food chain.

KN064910.jpg
Ancantharian amoeba













Symbiodinium microadriaticum
Movement: Two flagella
Lives: In the coral reef, mainly on the coral
zooxanthella.jpg
Zooxanthellae



Fungi
Fungi are multi-celled organisms that contain no chlorophyll. Fungi are decomposers, absorb nutrients, and are classified by shape.

Cochliobolus aberrans
No common name found
An Ascomycota is sac or cup shaped fungus.
Fungi
Ascomycota
Dothideomycetes
Pleosporales
Pleosporaceae
Cochliobolus
aberrans
Found: In coral reefs around Australia
coral_reef_Cochliobolus_aberrans.jpg


Mucor adventitius
A Zygomycota is threadlike and has a spore at the end of each filament.
Fungi
Zygomycota
Not assigned
Mucorales
Mucoraceae
Mucor
adventitius
The Mucor adventitius is found in Australian coral reefs.




Digitatispora lignicola
A Basidiomycota is a type of fungus that is made up of closely packed filaments.
Fungi
Basidiomycota
Agaricomycetes
Atheliales
Digitatispora
lignicola
Common name: none found
Digitatispora_lignicola2.jpg









The Digitatispora lignicola is found in coral reefs, specifically near Australia.



Rhizophydium littoreum
A Chytridiomycota is a fungi that is found in water or soil.
Fungi
Chytridiomycota
Chytridiomycetes
Rhizophydiales
Rhizophydiaceae
Rhizophydium
littoreum
This fungus can be found in coral reefs around Australia.
external image Laetiporus-sulphureus-2-sulfur-shelf.jpg

Cryptococcus marinus
No common name found

A Basidiomycota is made up of closely packed filaments.
Cryptococcus marinus
Fungi
Basidiomycota
Tremellomycetes
Tremellales
Tremellaceae
Cryptococcus
marinus
Found: Around the Great Barrier Reef
coral_reef_Cryptococcus_marinus.gif



Pseudeurotium bakeri
An Ascomycota is sac or cup shaped fungus.
Fungi
Ascomycota
Dothideomycetes
Pseudeurotium
bakeri
No common name found
Found: In coral reefs around Australia

Pseudeurotium_bakeri2.jpg

Chromista
Chromista are single or multi - celled organisms with a nucleus, organelles, chlorophyll, and cell walls.

Cameron
Prymnesium parvum
Haptophyta have two flagella and scales that cover the cell.
Golden_Algae_(prymnesium_parvum).jpg
Golden Algae

Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Haptophyta
Class:Prymnesiophyceae
Order: Prymnesiales
Family: Prymnesiaceae
Genus: Prymnesium
species: parvum
Common name: Golden algae
This Chromista is found in saltwater environments.


Hannah
Zanardinia_collaris_
Zanardinia collaris
Ochrophyta are yellowish brown in color and have two flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Ochrophyta
Class: Cutleriales
Order: Phaeophyceae
Family. Cutleriaceae
Genus: Zanardinia
species: collaris
common name: not found
Lives: In and around coral reefs.


Abby
Gephyrocapsa oceanica
Haptophyta have two flagella and scales that cover the cell.
Kingdom: Chromista coral_reef_Gephyrocapsa_oceanica.jpg
Phylum: Haptophyta
Class: Prymnesiophyceae
Order: Isochrysidales
Family. Gephyrocapsacaea
Genus: Gephyrocapsa
species:oceanica
Gephyrocapsa oceanica is found in coral reefs in Australia.
common name: None found


Hannah
Canteriomyces stigeoclonii
Hyphochytriomycota have one flagellum and are decomposers.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Hyphochytriomycota
Class: Hyphochytriomycetes
Order: Hyphochytriales
Family: Hyphochytriaceae
Genus: Canteriomyces
species: stigeoclonii
Lives: In coral reefs around Australia.
coral_reef_Canteriomyces_stigeoclonii.jpg


Abby
Licmophora anglica
Ochrophyta are yellowish brown in color and have two flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Ochrophytacoral_reef_Licmophora_anglica.jpg
Class: Fragilariophyceae
Order: Licmophorales
Family: Licmorphoraceae
Genus: Licmophora
species: anglica
Common name: None found
This Chromista is found in coral reefs in Guam.


Cameron
Cafeteria roenbergensis
Sagenista have two flagella to help them move.Cafeteria_roenbergensis.jpg
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Sagenista
Class: Bicosoecophyceae
Order: Bicosoecales
Family: Cafeteriaceae
Genus: Cafeteria
species: roenbergensis
Common name: none found
This Chromista is found in marine waters.


Cameron
Goniomonas truncata
Cryptophyta can be brown, red, or bluish - green in color, and have two flagella.
coral_reef_Goniomonas_truncata.gif
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Cryptophyta
Class: Cryptophyceae
Order: Goniomondales
Family: Goniomonadceae
Genus: Goniomonas
species: truncata
Common name: none found
This Chromista is found in both freshwater and marine waters.


Cameron
Schizochytrium limacinumSchizochytrium_limacinum.jpg
Labyrinthista have one flagellum and are decomposers.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Labyrinthista
Class: Labyrinthulea
Order: Thraustochytriales
Family: Thraustochytriaceae
Genus: Schizochytrium
species: limacinum
Common name: none found
This Chromista is found in saltwater biomes.


Hannah
Acronema sippewissettensis
Sagenista have two flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
coral_reef_Acronema_sippewissettensis
Phylum: Sagenista
Class: Bicosoecophyceae
Order: Bicosoecales
Genus: Acronema
species: sippewissettensis
Common name: not found
Lives: In and around coral reefs.


Hannah
Bjornbergiella hawaiiensi
Crypotophya could be red, brown, or blush green in color, and have two flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Cryptophyta
Class: Cryptophycea
Order: Tetragonidiales
Family: Scarabaeoidea
Genus: Bjornbergiella
species: hawaiiensis
Common name: not found
Lives: In coral reefs in the pacific ocean around Hawaii.
*No picture available for this chromista*



Abby
coral_reef_Araiospora_spinosa.jpg
Araiospora spinosa
Oomycota have two flagella and they are decomposers
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum: Oomycota
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Rhipidiales
Family: Rhipidiaceae
Genus: Araiospora
species: spinosa
This chromista is found in coral reefs in British Guiana.


Abby
Tabellaria grandis
external image 20959_580_360.jpg
Bacillariophyta can be green, brown,and yellow and have one flagellum.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Bacillariophyta
Class: Fragilariophyceae
Order: Tabellariales
Family: Tabellariaceae
Genus: Tabellaria
species: grandis
Common name: None found
Tabellaria grandis is found in Australian coral reefs.


Abby
bulla.jpg
Hedraeophysa bulla
Bigyra have no chlorophyll and no flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Bigyra
Class: Bicosoecophyceae
Order: Bicosoecales
Family: Bicosoecaceae
Genus: Hedraeophysa
species: bulla
Common name: None found
Hedraeophysa bulla is found in coral reefs in Britain.




Hannahcoral_reef_Althornia_crouchii
Althornia crouchii
Labyrinthista have one flagellum and are decomposers.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum:Labyrinthista
Class: Labyrinthulea
Order: Thraustochytriales
Family: Thraustochytriaceae
Genus: Althornia
species: crouchii
common name: not found
Lives: In coral reefs in the Atlantic Ocean.




Cameron
Siluania monomastiga
Bigyra have no chlorophyll and no flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Bigyra
Class: Bicosoecophyceae
Order: Bicosoecales
Family: Siluaniaceae
Genus: Siluania
species: monomastiga
common name: none found
Siluania monomastiga is found in ocean waters.
*No picture results for this Chromista*

Hannah
Yeharaia eleganscoral_reef_Yeharaia_elegans
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum:Sarcodina
Class: Actinopoda
Order: Nassellaria
Family: Ruesticyrtiidae
Genus: Yeharaia
species: elegans
Lives: In the coral reefs around the Philippines.

Abby
Rhizidiomyces hirsutus
Hyphochytriomycota contain no chlorophyll and have one feathery flagellum.
external image a06f3.jpg
Kingodom: Chromista
Phylum: Hyphochytriomycota
Class: Hyphochytriomycetes
Order: Hyphochytriales
Family: Rhizidiomycetaceae
Genus: Rhizidiomyces
species: hirsutus
Common name: None found
Rhizidiomyces hirsutus is found in coral reefs in Argentina.

CameronAnisolpidium_ectocarpii2.jpg
Anisolpidium ectocarpii
Oomycota have two flagella and are decomposers.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Oomycota
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Anisolpidiales
Family: Anisolpidiaceae
Genus: Anisolpidium
species: ectocarpii
Common name: none found
Anisolpidium ectocarpii lives in marine environments.

Animals
Animals are multi-celled organisms that digest their food inside their body. They are classified into two subkingoms, Invertebrates and Verterbrates.

Hannah
Callyspongia vaginalis
Absorb food through pores, one opening for food and waste, attached to surface.
coral_reef_tube_sponge.jpg
Tube Sponge

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:Porifera
Class:Dempspongiae
Order:Haplosclerida
Family:Callyspongiidae
Genus:Callyspongia
species: vaginalis
Lives: In coral reefs around south Florida, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean.


Abby
coral_reef_Cassiopea_andromeda.jpg
Upside-down Jellyfish

Cassiopea andromeda
A Cnidaria has two layers of cells with a jelly-like substance and one opening for food and waste.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Rhizostomeae
Family: Cassiopeidae
Genus: Cassiopea
species: andromeda
It lives in the Indo-West Pacific and the
Mediterranean Sea.


Cameron
Siderastrea savignyana
African_Pillow_Coral.jpg
African pillow coral

A Cnidaria has two layers of cells with a jelly-like substance and one opening for food and waste.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Scleractinia
Family: Siderastreidae
Genus: Siderastrea
species: savignyana
This type of coral lives in the Indo-West Pacific.

Hannah
Didemnum molle
Flexible outer skeleton, attached to surface.
Kingdom: Animalia
coral_reef_common_sea_squirt.jpg
Common Sea Squirt

Phylum: Chordata
Class:Ascidiacea
Order: Enterogona
Family: Didemnidae
Genus:Didemnum
species: molle
Lives: In coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific


Abby
Trypaea australiensis
Arthropoda have two openings for food and waste, jointed appendages,
and an exoskeleton
coral_reef_Trypaea_australiensis.jpg
Australian Ghost Shrimp

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthopoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Callianassidae
Genus: Trypaea
species: australiensis
The Australian ghost shrimp live in the Indo-West Pacific.


Abby
Amphiprion clarkii
Actinopterygii have fins supported by bones and an upper jaw that has bones that slide forward when opened.
coral_reef_Amphiprion_clarkii.jpg
Chocolate Clownfish

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pomacentridae
Genus: Amphiprion
species: clarkii
The Chocolate Clownfish lives in the Indo-West Pacifc.


Abby
Lepidochelys olivacea
Reptilia have two pairs of legs, a set of lungs, they are covered by scales or plates, they lay eggs, and are ectotherms.
Kingdom: Animalia
coral_reef_Lepidochelys_olivacea.jpg
Olive Ridley Sea Turtle

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Cheloniidae
Genus: Lepidochelys
species: olivacea
The Olive Ridley Sea Turtle lives in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and in coral reefs in Australia.


Cameron
Atlantic_pygmy_octopus.jpg
Atlantic pygmy octopus

Octopus joubini
Mollusca are soft-bodied organisms with well developed organ systems. Some mollusca have hard shells to protect their bodies.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Octopoda
Genus: Octopus
species: joubini
This octopus can be commonly found near the Cayman Islands, where the water temperature is warm.


leafy_sea_dragon.jpg
leafy sea dragon

Cameron
Phycodurus eques
Actinopterygii have fins supported by bones and upper jaw bones that slide forward when opened.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Phycodurus
species: eques
The leafy sea dragon can be found in marine environments.


coral_reef_butterfly_fish
Criss-cross Butterfly fish

Hannah
Chaetodon vagabundus
Fins supported by bones, upper jaw bones slide forward when opened.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Chaetodontidae
Genus: Chaetodon vagabundus
species: vagabundus
Lives: In coral reefs in the Indo- Pacific.

Cameron
Carcharhinus perezi
Elasmobranchii have skeletons made of cartilage and fleshy fins.
Caribbean_reef_shark.jpg
Caribbean reef shark

They are found in salt water.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Carcharhinidae
Genus: Carcharhinus
species: perezi
This shark can be found in the Western Atlantic Ocean, such as: Florida, USA to southern Brazil,
including the northern Gulf of Mexico.



Abby
Spirobranchus giganteus
A Annelida has two openings for waste and food and a circulatory system.
coral_reef_Spirobranchus_giganteus.jpg
Christmas Tree Worm

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order: Sabellida
Family: Surpulidae
Genus: Spirobranchus
species: giganteus
The Christmas Tree Worm lives in the Caribbean Sea.



Hannah
Dugong dugon
coral_reef_dugong
Dugong

Milk-producing, endothermic
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammilia
Order: Sirenia
Family: Dugongidae
Genus: Dugong
species: dugon
Lives: In coral reefs in the Indo-West Pacific and in the Great Barrier Reef

Abby
Balaenoptera acutorostrata
coral_reef_Balaenoptera_acutorostrata.jpg
Common Minke Whale

Mammila have hair, produce milk, and are endothermic.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammila
Order: Cetacea
Family: Balaenopteridae
Genus: Balaenoptera
species: acutorostrata
The Common Minke Whale lives in the Great Reef, the Eastern and Wester Atlantic Ocean and the East and Indo-West Pacific Ocean.

Hannah
Psolus chitonoides
Two openings for food and waste, simple circulatory system, ability to regenerate.
coral_reef_sea_cucumber
Slipper Sea Cucumber

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order: Dendrochirotida
Family: Psolidae
Genus: Polus
species: chitonoides
Lives: In coral reefs on the Pacific coast of North America.

Hannah
Baseodiscus quinquelineatus
Two openings, brain and nervous system,circulatory system.
coral_reef_Baseodiscus_quinquelineatus
Five Lined Ribbon Worm

Kingdom: Animali
Phylum: Nemertea
Class: Anopla
Order:Not Assigned
Family: Valenciniidae
Genus: Baseodiscus
species: quinquelineatus
Lives: In coral reefs in Australia and the Philippines.

Cameron
Asterias forbesi
Asterias_forbesi.jpg
Forbes' Sea Star

Echinodermata have two openings for food and waste,
simple circulatory systems, and the ability to regenerate.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Forcipulatida
Family: Asteriidae
Genus: Asterias
species: forbesi
Forbes' Sea Star can be found in marine environments around the world.

Cameron
Delphinus delphis
Mammalia have hair, produce milk, and are endothermic.
common_dolphin.jpg
Common dolphin

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetacea
Family: Delphinidae
Genus: Delphinus
species: delphis
The common dolphin can be found in the East Pacific,
Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific, and Western Atlantic Ocean.


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